A complete withdrawal of the U.S. and NATO combat forces from Afghanistan will coincide with Sep 11, marking the 20th anniversary of the twin tower attacks in the U.S., which resulted in the Taliban’s ouster in a US-led invasion of Afghanistan in 2001. The drawdown has already created a noticeable vacuum among the Afghan National Defense and Security Forces (ANDSF) in sustaining the country’s security. The void has lowered the morale of the ANDSF to some extent though they have the potential to protect the country against the threats posed by Al-Qaida, Taliban, or any other terrorist group.

The Taliban group in Doha is reluctant to continue the peace talks with the Afghan government negotiating team. At the same time, the insurgent group’s fighters have utilized the situation by intensifying their offensives and attacks in different corners of Afghanistan as the foreign forces’ departure continues. Taliban fighters have already seized hundreds of districts, confiscated ammunition and military supplies, and terrorized local people in territories they control. To undermine the ANDSF’s military capabilities, the insurgent group keeps propagating on social media about their victories and possible takeover of provincial cities of Afghanistan in the coming months. Indeed, the insurgent group has simultaneously opted to psychology war and face-to-face combat with ANDSF on the battlefield.

In the meantime, President Biden’s latest message to President Ashraf Ghani, Dr. Abdullah Abdullah, and the Afghan people were crystal clear. “Afghan people have to decide for their country’s future,” said President Biden. Although Afghan leaders describe their latest visit to Washington DC as the most productive of its kind, nothing has changed in the Biden administration’s strategy regarding Afghanistan and American troop’s removal from the country.

According to some American political experts, President Biden acted so decisively in bringing back home American troops for three main reasons. Firstly, the Biden administration knew that peace talks between the Taliban and Afghan government representatives in Doha, Qatar, would not bear promising outcomes as no progress is seen in the present moment. Secondly, Americans needed to remain faithful to the Doha Agreement signed between the U.S. and the Taliban in February 2020. “If the foreign forces extend their stay in the country beyond the deadline, they will face the same experience that they had in the past 20 years,” reiterated the Taliban. Lastly, some American political advisors advised President Biden that the American mainland is no more under the immediate threats of Al-Qaida or the Taliban group.

Afghan politicians believe that U.S. and NATO forces failed to defeat the Taliban by military means on the battlefield; however, the Bedin administration describes it as a massive joint achievement in the fight against global terrorism. Americans think they have achieved their mission in Afghanistan and have no interest in remaining in the country for longer. Strategically, the evacuation process of Afghanistan has been of immense importance for the Taliban group at the present moment. Taliban already control considerable territories and keep overtaking districts to add pressure on the central government. As a result, thousands of families have been displaced in major cities (Badakhshan, Kunduz, and Diakundi provinces) to other parts of the country due to the deteriorating security situation. People have left their homes and livestock behind and run for their survival. This has caused chaos among people across the country, presuming that the Taliban group would take over Afghanistan if the situation does not improve.  

As the third wave of the COVID-19 pandemic hits the country hard, ordinary Afghans have already been experiencing challenging conditions on different fronts. People struggle for their day-to-day lives as the employment rate rises and inflation is increasing day after day. As the withdrawal of the foreign forces speeds up, new problems keep adding. The Dollar value has appreciated against the Afghan currency over the past few days and keeps rising, indicating a massive demand for Dollar. People are scared of the possible scenarios they might face in the coming future. Therefore, many people make line-ups at the Kabul Passport Department as they seek their ways out of the country. Meanwhile, certain Embassies in Mazar-e-Sharif and Kabul have temporarily stopped operations due to the uncertain situation. The integration of these issues has caused great concern for ordinary people with a severe impact on their daily lives.

Author


  • Nizamuddin Rezahi holds a bachelor’s degree in Business Administration with a Specialization in Marketing Management and Communications from the Sri Lanka Institute of Information Technology (SLIIT) 2018. Mr. Rezahi served at DynCorp International as ‘Property Book Specialist’ in 2014 and at Kardan University as ‘Communication Specialist’ in 2019-2020. Currently, he works as a Technical Advisor/Consultant at SMP, focusing on generating quality content and monitoring the media about the Afghan peace process. He is a competent writer who loves writing on contemporary socio-economic and cultural issues, peace talk and conciliation process, and more.