Friday, June 21, 2024

UN Special Representative briefs Security Council on Afghanistan

Immigration News

Fidel Rahmati
Fidel Rahmati
Fidai Rahmati is the editor and content writer for Khaama Press. You may follow him at Twitter @FidelRahmati

On Wednesday, the UN Security-General Special Representative for Afghanistan Roza Otunbayeva briefed the UN Security Council on Afghanistan.

Roza said “I am aware that the Security Council has already considered the situation in Afghanistan several times over the past month, including on the situation of women and on the Independent Assessment prepared by Ambassador Sinirlioğlu. In a world of multiplying crises, I am grateful for this ongoing attention to Afghanistan. Many Afghans inform me that they fear being forgotten, as they have been in the past. I strongly believe that my role, and that of UNAMA, is to prevent this from happening.”

She also said that as Afghanistan marked the 75th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, its current human rights situation remains troubling. Systemic discrimination against women and girls, repression of dissent, minority representation issues, and ongoing human rights violations, including extrajudicial acts, highlight the challenges faced.

She also discussed the lack of progress in human rights in Afghanistan is a significant concern. Adherence to international norms, as per UN Treaties Afghanistan has ratified, is essential for its continued participation in the United Nations.

Meanwhile, Roza said that UNAMA is engaging with Afghanistan’s de facto authorities on human rights. There are positive developments in areas like detainee treatment, and many authorities show a willingness to align with human rights standards.

However, she said that the humanitarian situation in Afghanistan, especially with the approaching winter, is dire. Over 20 million people depend on aid, and the reduction in funding exacerbates their vulnerability.

She expressed concerns about the Shia community and said that Despite a general level of security maintained by the de facto authorities, issues like unexploded ordnance and targeted attacks on Shia communities by ISIL-KP remain significant concerns.

On the other hand, she pointed out that Neighboring countries, particularly Pakistan, are concerned about threats from Afghanistan. The issue of expelled undocumented Afghans from Pakistan, many of whom fled after the Republic’s collapse, complicates bilateral relations.

Nearly half a million Afghans have returned to Afghanistan, facing dire conditions. Their return, especially for women and girls, has severe human rights consequences.

The pressing issue was discussed about the girls’ education in Afghanistan. The ban on girls’ education and the declining quality of education in Afghanistan are major concerns. The uncertainty about madrassas’ curriculum and their ability to provide modern education adds to these challenges.

Eventually, the topic of climate change in Afghanistan has been reiterated and said that vulnerability to climate change and its efforts in counter-narcotics, such as the significant reduction in opium cultivation, highlight areas for international cooperation and assistance.

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