Written By: Mehdi Rezai
Two years have passed since the Taliban administration’s rule in Afghanistan, and what is now evident is a chain of crises that have either directly resulted from the emergence of the interim administration, such as the poverty crisis, the migration crisis, and crises that may lead to sexual harassment and abuse, or crises that have arisen from climate changes and are primarily considered natural disasters.
The mass migration of Afghan citizens began immediately after the emergence of the Taliban in the country and continues unabated to this day. According to findings from the Gallup Research Organization, over 50% of Afghanistan’s population wishes to leave the country. This million-strong migration has become a crisis that the current regime struggles to manage.
The exodus of Afghan people from Afghanistan and their resettlement in neighbouring countries has raised international concerns due to its far-reaching consequences. According to statistics released by Iran and Pakistan, approximately 8 million Afghan refugees reside in these two countries, with a significant portion having left Afghanistan after the emergence of the Taliban. Furthermore, a substantial number of these refugees lack the necessary documents for residency in host countries and have experienced widespread violence and mistreatment over the past two years.
It is estimated that around half a million Afghan migrants living in Pakistan are undocumented and at risk of detention, torture, coercion, and forced deportation. Pakistan’s police announced on Wednesday, November 1st, that they had deported over 100,000 Afghan refugees in one month, while Iran, during the same period, expelled approximately 70,000 Afghan refugees.
Experts believe that these displacements are causing a severe humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan and its border regions, significantly increasing the population’s need for humanitarian aid. They suggest that the Afghan government should seek ways to reconcile with neighbouring countries and prevent another crisis in Afghanistan through diplomatic channels. Still, they emphasize that the Taliban lacks the “principle of reconciliation.”
The deadline set by Pakistan for the voluntary departure of migrants from the country ended on Wednesday, November 1st. According to reports, a large number of Afghan refugees rushed towards border crossings using trucks and buses. They aim to reach the border safely before being detained by Pakistani police or losing their family members in the chaos.
Alongside the migration crisis directly stemming from the emergence of the Taliban in the country, other crises, such as devastating floods, drought, poverty, gender inequality, and destructive earthquakes, have occurred without proper management, each affecting millions of people in Afghanistan.