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About the Author
Matiullah Shenwari is a student of the Nangarhar University in Afghanistan. Matiullah has a keen interest in the economic and security situation of Afghanistan, he frequently writes articles about Afghanistan, you can contact him on [email protected]
The peace deal between the Afghan government and the Taliban seems more closer than ever, but anti-government forces such as Daesh attack by martyring hundreds in the capital, seeing this one might question, if the peace deal will really bring true peace?
The war between the Taliban and the Afghan government has went on for almost two decades, and the recent tweets and announcements by Zalmay Khalilzad has brought hope to many Afghans, that there can be peace but recent attacks by Daesh and whispers that many faces within the Taliban reject the deal and might separate either into the Daesh or creating a different group altogether. Considering all these, the Afghan government really needs to reassess the security policy.
Each year the Afghan forces suffer heavy casualties, lose areas and posts and get their bases infiltrated by Taliban and other anti-governmental forces. The lack of proper training, the lack of proper equipment and proper coordination between the ground and air forces seem to be the biggest of the problems.
To fix this situation the first thing the Afghan government needs to do is reassess the training for all soldiers of the military. Military training is lead by NATO and US forces, a problem with these trainers are as mentioned by Erik Prince the CEO of the private military organization known as Blackwater, is that these trainers have rotations and each stays only 8 months until his cycle is completed and he returns home, this results in the training to be left incomplete and the newly administrated trainer has to get familiar to the situation and until he gets to know it, he is changed again. This can be helped by the Afghan government permanently hiring experienced trainers and teachers from military forces with experience in successfully combating terrorist and guerrilla forces such as Russia or other NATO countries.
Among the Afghan forces , the special force has been more effective than other branches of the Afghan military an increase in their number would be for the better, a special force training university which is present in Russia is something the Afghan government can model.
The lack of coordination between the air force and the ground force is a deep problem, since many ground forces often attribute the loss of security posts to the late arrival of the air force, the attribution of the air forces to provincial levels should help with this problem.
The military ranks seem to be another problems since many of them are the remnants of the communist or the mujahideen regime, many corrupt officers plague these ranks and the government should take every step to remove these of the military.
In order to establish complete control over all areas of Afghanistan, the government needs to adopt a centralization of power policy in the military. Each officer appointed in a Walaswali should be told his job is to remove all obstacles against government control in the area, whether it be a warlord, a Taliban leader or someone else, in a case if the Walaswali is too large to be controlled by a single officer, it should be split. These officers should be given an adequate amount of soldiers and equipment and access to the air support on his will and should be accompanied by an intelligence officer, to help with matters regarding intelligence.
These chiefs should become the prime force in the area and would only be answerable to the provincial security chief. The provincial security chief should act the same way as those in the Walaswali but on a provincial scale and they would only be answerable to the Defense Minister or the President himself.
In a rather simple point of view these offices in the Province and Walaswali would act like Warlords that accumulate power but the difference would be that they would respond to the Government and in order to maintain their loyalty should be awarded greatly based on their success.
Newly trained officers or those whom are clearly not corrupt and liable should be put to use, a separate large training ground and a military university or multiple is a good idea.
Fixing the problems within the military and in the military policy would not only bring peace and stability inside Afghanistan but the Afghan forces would also be capable enough to defend Afghanistan against foreign interventions and pave the way for economic development.