After two decades of war against terrorism and the Taliban, the United States of America and its allies have signed a landmark deal with the Taliban in order to diminish the Taliban’s antagonism against civilian and anti-US atrocities to end at once the past decades of war in Afghanistan. Zalmay Khalilzad the US special representative of the Afghanistan reconciliation peace process signed the agreement with the chief committee of Taliban “Mullah Abdul Ghani brother” in Qatar, Doha on 29 February 2020. Recently, the former chief advisor of the national security council of America John Bolton claimed in his controversial book “the room where it happened”; cited that, trump opposed to continuing US military presence in Afghanistan because he had campaigned to end “ the Endless Wars” in faraway distanced unattached to US geography. This deal brings hope, peace, and security to Afghans through which there will be prosperous modern and educated Afghanistan.

Contrary to Afghans’ hope, the US and Taliban are the focal points of the agreement regardless of the Afghan legitimate government. Realistically viewing, there is no room for the Afghan government and it seems “paradoxical and ambiguous deal” to every rational thinker who knows about Afghanistan. This reconciliation deal has benefited the Taliban regardless of their attacks on civilians and government personals. Taliban group have officially claimed the responsibilities of various martyred in mosques, school and hospital which is totally against religious Islamic laws and human rights.

According to this deal, ‘US should withdraw all troops’ within 14 months while it is opposite to the agreement that has been signed by US and government of Afghanistan in 2014. Another article of the agreement states that “after this agreement, there should not be any Attack on US troops”, without delegitimizing any attack on the ANSDF and civilians which is seemingly an ambiguous deal. Ostensibly, the Taliban’s behavior has not been changed yet. Because the number of attacks on the National Army of Afghanistan had recorded high after nineteen years of ANSDF establishment. Although, it’s agreed by the Taliban to minimize their operations on civilians and Afghan National Security Forces. Neither they decrease nor take off from battlefields. Contrary to the agreement, Taliban suicide attacks have been outnumbered or either it astray to violate the agreement but consistently continuing their Attacks according to the National Security Council of Afghanistan, in the last two weeks Taliban killed More than 250 Army Officers.

Despite these domestic issues which briefly mentioned, and if we look to the foreign aspects in order to bring peace and stability in the region especially in Afghanistan. Indeed, it must contain, International and regional consensus in the particular lieu by involving its neighboring countries specifically four plus two “Iran, Pakistan, India, China, Russia and the United States of America”.

Though we have taken some steps to enhance the peace process but experienced the sway of its consequences against the Afghan government. For instance, the ambiguous role of Iran on Afghanistan land has not benefited Afghans due to Iran’s auspicious eyed to control economical hub in the western province of Herat by propagating ethnic and religious sect issues by stipulating Hazara Shiites, Uzbek and Tajik minorities to strengthen its own culture role in the region which provokes US interest in the region that obviously takes a stand to oust Iran’s hegemony at least in Afghanistan. Till now, we haven’t witnessed any positive role except economical gains and the untouched market for trade purposes that only benefits Iran’s long term policies in its own favor. Secondly, it is also believed that Pakistan used the Taliban for its proxies against India and vice versa, though difficult to pursue for both parties to step in to and follow there absolute gain against one and another.

Recently, the New York Times newspaper, reported that “President Donald Trump knew about the cash assisted to Taliban by the Russian to kill the US troops in Afghanistan”; Although US secretary of state Mike Pompeo has talked with Mullah Abdul Ghani Brother the chief committee of Taliban in Doha about this concerning issue, but Mullah Brother refused such claims. U.S. and Afghan government prerequisite for a strong consensus in International, regional and domestic to bring peace and security specifically in Afghanistan and region. However, it seems that the United States of America wants to solve the issue in the absence of international, regional and domestic consensus that it would not be in Afghanistan’s fortune beneficent.

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