The National Directorate of Security (NDS) said Abdul Manan who is also famous as Wazir was arrested from the vicinity of Charikar district.
According to a statement by NDS, another companion of Manan was also arrested by the intelligence operatives.
The statement further added that Manan was involved in robbery, roadside bombings and harassment of the local residents and a Ak-47 rifle along with a pistol were also confiscated from him.
NDS said the detained militants were long involved in terrorist activities and Manan spent three years in prison who rejoined the Taliban group after he was released.
According to NDS, Manan was operating under the command of Hashmatullah together with his other companions.
The anti-government armed militant groups including the Taliban insurgents have not commented regarding the report so far.
Parwan is among the relatively volatile provinces in northern Afghanistan where anti-government armed militant groups are actively operating in a number of its remote districts and often carry out insurgency activities.