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Pakistan’s Power Tariff Hike Amid Load Shedding and Economic Challenges

Immigration News

Members of Tehreek-e-Labbaik Pakistan (TLP) shout slogans during a protest against ongoing power outage in Karachi on June 28, 2024. (Photo by Rizwan TABASSUM / AFP)

Amidst an ongoing series of crises, the people of Pakistan are increasingly frustrated with the administration’s inability to provide relief from rising power rates, persistent load shedding, and inflation.

This frustration was evident when hundreds of residents stormed a grid station in the Sibi region this week, protesting against prolonged power outages. Holding placards and chanting slogans against the Quetta Electricity Supply Company (Qesco), the demonstrators expressed their anger after the company halted the power supply for several hours during a heatwave.

The violent protest highlights the growing discontent among citizens in a nation grappling with economic challenges. The newly elected government of Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif has yet to find a solution to alleviate the country’s despair.

The power sector remains a significant issue for residents, compounded by the government’s approval of a substantial increase in electricity prices effective from July. This decision further burdens the public, particularly the lower-income groups.

The tariff hike, amounting to an increase of up to 51% or Rs 7.12, is expected to generate an additional Rs 580 billion from 32.5 million consumers, primarily households. This comes amid an economic landscape already strained by mismanagement and flawed energy policies over the past three decades.

Approximately 26 million households, representing the poorest and low-middle-income groups, will be most affected by the price hike. Additionally, the government has introduced fixed monthly charges for residential consumers, ranging from Rs 200 to Rs 1,000, a first in the nation’s history.

The decision to raise electricity tariffs was a condition set by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) for Pakistan to secure the next bailout package. Despite repeated calls from international lenders for proper power sector reform, the government’s response has primarily been to increase electricity prices rather than implement systemic changes.

Discussions about privatizing the energy sector have also taken place. The potential benefits of privatization include increased efficiency and accountability, but there are concerns about its impact on accessibility and affordability for the masses.

Proper implementation of policies and reforms in the electric power sector could help prevent future unrest and improve the overall situation. Addressing issues like load shedding, which continues to affect several regions even during one of Pakistan’s hottest summers in 2024, is essential for the country’s stability.

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