Pakistan role in AfghanistanCenter for a New American Security (CNAS), an American think-tank with close ties to the Obama administration following its latest report said Pakistan is and will remain a major player in the final outcome in Afghanistan, an American think-tank has said, asserting that economic incentives can be given to Islamabad if it takes steps to restrain the Taliban operating from sanctuaries on its soil.

The report said, “”The truth is still this: Pakistan is, and will remain, a major player in the final outcome in Afghanistan, and Washington’s approach in this situation should be to continue to work on interpersonal relationships among key leaders, as well as coordination and cooperation along borders where enemies of one country or the other often cross.”

Former top U.S. defense officials of the Obama administration have authored the report which calls for providing incentives to Pakistan, like free trade accord or aid for a regional energy sector, provided Islamabad restrains the activities of the Taliban within its territory.

Gen. John Allen, the former US commander in Afghanistan and Micele Flournoy, former Pentagon Undersecretary for Policy and Michael O’Hanlon have co-authored the 16-page report released on Friday.

The report said, “These things should be done in tandem with Afghan leaders at every step. Beyond that, measures towards deeper economic integration may be possible with Pakistan (such as a free trade accord or aid for a regional energy sector) – provided that Islamabad takes significant and effective steps to restrain the Afghan Taliban operating from sanctuaries on its soil.”

The report further added, “Realistically, this agenda may not yield great fruit by the end of 2014, but it is still the right way to play for the long run.”

Islamabad and Washington have had such a troubled history that there is deep distrust and even a degree of pathology in the relationship, the report concluded considering Pakistan’s motives and goals.

It said, “That helps explain why some in Pakistan, fearful of future Indian dominance of the wrong type of Afghan government and dubious that the US and its partners will really remain committed to Afghanistan’s future stability, continue to hedge by supporting the Taliban as an insurance policy even now.”

The report also said, “There may be other Pakistani motives at work in the nation’s Afghanistan policy, too, including the hegemonic desire to dominate a smaller neighbour. In fairness, it is unclear how much influence and/or control Pakistan can really exert over Taliban elements in Pakistan.”