The peace deal that has been signed between the Taliban’s political delegation based in Doha and Zalmay Khalilzad, the U.S special envoy for the Afghan peace process considers a major step to end the current bloody fighting in Afghanistan. But the prime object of this deal is ostensibly focused to ease the withdrawal of the US military from Afghanistan as well as facilitate an intra-Afghan dialogue to put an end to the four decades of full-scale crises in Afghanistan.

Later it was unveiled that the US-Taliban deal had two different annexations that were not accessible to others except the American congressmen. Mr. Khalilzad himself in an exclusive interview with Tolo News said that the annexations were secret and not for public access because it could damage the implementation process of the deal.

The peace deal that took almost one and a half year’s time with hectic discussions is considered a hasty deal of the United State with the Taliban that once had been recognized part of international terrorism.

Khalilzad is hoping that this deal will culminate in ending the long-term war and ensuring peace and security in Afghanistan. He furthermore emphasizes that any decisions regarding the next political structure of Afghanistan will be taken in the coming internal dialogue by Afghans themselves. He says that the present peace deal is an unprecedented opportunity and if it is used properly and consciously, it would put an end to the current bloody crises in Afghanistan. But the Taliban side considers it the incarnation of identity and pride for themselves as well as a joyful victory against the presence of the international community in Afghanistan.

With respect to the content of the deal and its separate annexation, it is difficult to anticipate what will be the practical fallout of it but there is a myriad of things that are causing a surge of anxiety concerning the future of democracy, human rights, women’s position and the nature of power in Afghanistan. President Donald Trump has demonstrated clearly that the United States is no longer the promoter of democracy in the world. It interoperates that after the withdrawal of US troops from Afghanistan, the US has no obligation to saturate or support the newborn democracy in Afghanistan. On the other hand, there are visible signs that the United States has implicitly recognized the legitimacy of the Taliban as the future state builder in Afghanistan.

It is no longer of importance for the United States that how Afghanistan runs but of course it is of significant importance that any type of possibility that threatens the United States security or interest from Afghanistan, must reduce to the zero levels. Therefore, if the Taliban guarantee it, there will not be any obligation to refrain the U.S from recognizing the Taliban as its future partner in Afghanistan. It seems that in the current political game there is no room for moral obligation. Taliban is a multifaceted entity that was architected by Islamabad to use it for its strategic purpose and by empowering them to guarantee its strategic depth in Afghanistan in the cause of a full-scale clash with India.

After 9/11 and under the pressure of President Bush administration, Islamabad inevitably joined the international coalition against terrorism but later revitalized and reorganized the Taliban commanders who had been given shelter in Pakistan. Islamabad started a dualistic game with the United States, besides being a partner, at the same time remobilized the Taliban insurgents to combat for the reestablishment of their craven Emirate. While the CIA station in Islamabad was watching over the process, but Washington turned blind eyes to it. It seems that Washington had not the full pledge of allegiance to put pressure on Islamabad or obliterate the Taliban insurgents in the battlefields.

The insurgents were not undefeatable even not a monolithic group, but constant control and monitoring by ISI enabled them to emerge monolithically and spread their influence in the rural areas. In comparison with the NATO and Afghan combatant’s weaponry, the insurgents had nothing unless a religious belief that was instilling constantly by clergymen who were recruited directly or indirectly by ISI. At the same time, a silent trend of promotion of religious schools based on an extremist interpretation of Islam was spreading rapidly over the country which has prepared the most empowerment source for the soft Taliban.

This overarching silent trend spreads in most of the rural areas with the connivance of the Afghan government and its international allies. In a broader picture, if Islamabad is recognized as the revitalizer of the Taliban, the Afghan government considers the developer of them because of intentional infringement of the law and deliberately connivance and ignorance in terms of how to deal with the Taliban question. It also means that NATO and the United States have accomplished exceedingly lit.

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  • Hadi Miraan is an Afghan author and political analyst.