A recent World Health Organization (WHO) report states that Afghanistan is facing multiple disease outbreaks, including Acute Watery Diarrhea (AWD), measles, Congo fever, dengue fever, and Covid-19.

The WHO report states that there have been a substantial rise in acute watery diarrhea (AWD) cases nationwide.

Almost over a number of 19,050 cases of AWD are confirmed in various provinces across Afghanistan, especially Kabul, Paktia, Khost, Paktika, Jawzjan Ghazni, Kandahar, and Zabul provinces.

Despite a decline in occurrences, all provinces are still reporting instances of measles, according to the report noting total cases of 64,654 throughout Afghanistan.

Congo fever, or scientifically Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF), is also spread in different zones of Afghanistan particularly in 13 provinces in southern, south-eastern, eastern, and central regions, with 229 confirmed cases, with six associated deaths.

According to the report, the province of Nangarhar experienced a spike in new dengue fever cases in July 2022.

To respond to epidemics, medical emergencies, and natural disasters threatening Afghanistan in July 2022, WHO continues to mobilize resources and build up its capacities.

A 5.1 aftershock struck the south-eastern provinces of Khost and Paktika on July 18, 2022, in addition to the 5.9 magnitude earthquake that struck on June 22, 2022, injuring more than 361,000 people and claiming 1036 lives.

Furthermore, there were more casualties due to flash flooding in July. Additionally, hundreds of homes were destroyed, as well as roads and bridges in areas affected by the earthquake on June 22.

Afghanistan continues to rely on foreign support, international humanitarian help, Afghan civilians impacted by the Taliban’s political isolation, and international sanctions while the financially strapped Taliban rule the country.


  • Saqalain Eqbal is an Online Editor for Khaama Press. He is a Law graduate from The American University of Afghanistan (AUAF).