The photographs were released by the sympathizers of the terror group on Twitter social media a day after the attack left at least 80 people dead.
The two suicide bombers have been identified as Najibullah Al-Afghani and Talhat Al-Afghan, according to the caption of the photographs.
The incident in Deh Mazang area took place on Saturday afternoon as hundreds of thousands of demonstrators had gathered in the area to protest against a power project.
The Ministry of Interior (MoI) released the casualties toll late on Saturday night hours after the incident took place.
According to MoI, at least 80 people lost their lives and 231 others sustained injuries in the attack.
The Taliban group rejected hand in the deadly attack and said the move was aimed at sparking tensions among the communities in the country.
This is the first time the loyalists of the terror group claimed responsibility behind such a deadly attack in the capital city although assumptions are that the terror group is not capable to stage such a major attack in the city.
The claim by ISIS acknowleding responsibility behind the attack comes as the loyalists of the terror group have been attempting to expand foothold in the country but are mainly confined in the remote districts of eastern Nangarhar province.
In the meantime the Afghan forces as well as the US forces in Afghanistan are regularly targeting the loyalists of the terror group in eastern Nangarhar province to root out their presence from the country.