Prime Minister Narendra Modi congratulated the Indian Space Research Organisation scientists over the success and said “India is the first country to get this right in the first attempt.”
The spacecraft called “Mangalyaan”, more formally referred to as Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), was launched last November, with the total cost of the mission put at 4.5bn rupees ($74m), which makes it one of the cheapest interplanetary space missions ever.
India’s Mangalyaan will study the mineral composition on Mars and also look for the presence of methane, a chemical key to life on Earth over the next six months.
The first set of pictures by Mangalyaan is expected to be sent by Wednesday afternoon.
The first spacecraft was sent to Mars by United States in 1964, while the former Soviet Union reached the planet in 1971, and the European Space Agency in 2003.
The U.S. space agency NASA following a Twitter message congratulated India, welcoming MOM to studying the red planet.