Taliban group spokesman Zabiullah Mujahid in a statement said the Afghan authorities have started shifting several prisoners in Pul-e-Charkhi since Sunday.
Mujahid further added that the information received by the group suggests that the government is planning to carry out execution of the prisoners having links with the Taliban.
He warned that the execution of the political inmates and Taliban affiliates will have negative consequences and that the government and judicial institutions of the government will be responsible.
Mujahid also claimed that the government and its judicial institutions have no legitimacy and the capabilities to carry out executions on Taliban affiliates.
He also called on international rights organizations to intervene and prevent the Afghan government and the United States from the execution of the prisoners.
The Afghan government officials have not formally commented regarding the execution plans and the Taliban claims so far.
However, the leaders of the government of national unity had earlier said that there will be no mercy on terrorists after the recent atrocities committed in Kabul and other parts of the country.
Hundreds of people were killed or wounded in a series of deadly attacks in the capital and other provinces.
The Taliban group claimed responsibility for the majority of the attacks sparking furor and anger in Afghanistan as well as on international level.