Written By: Zahra Rashidi
February 13th marks World Radio Day, recognizing radio as the most widely consumed auditory medium globally and the oldest among all mass media.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) designated February 13th as World Radio Day in 2011.
Radio, known for its cost-effectiveness and suitability for reaching remote communities and vulnerable individuals, has a history spanning over a century.
Despite significant technological advancements in media and information dissemination tools, radio still maintains the widest coverage in many countries worldwide.
Despite the increasing prevalence of social media and the expansion of internet access, radio has not lost its audience.
Bashir, a resident of Kabul, who has been a fan of radio for years, says, “Even after all these years, I still listen to the radio because it is always accessible, especially while driving. Most of the time, I listen to the radio in the car.”
He says, “Radio is a companion on Kabul’s nights without electricity.”
Bashir says his favourite radio has always been an ideal radio from the past to the present.
It is worth mentioning that the first radio device in Afghanistan was established by order of King Amanullah Khan, known as Radio Kabul, and is now active under the name Radio Afghanistan.
This is while radioactivity in Afghanistan has been accompanied by ups and downs over the past nearly 100 years. “Radio Kabul” is recognized as Afghanistan’s first auditory medium, which began its activities in 1926 during the reign of King Amanullah Khan.
It wasn’t long before this radio’s activities were halted due to internal conflicts. Radio Afghanistan resumed its activities in 1941 after a thirteen-year hiatus and operated under this name until the first period of the Taliban’s rule over the country. Initially, this radio only broadcasted in Kabul, but later its broadcasts became nationwide, and in 1963, it was renamed “Radio Afghanistan.”
However, in 1996, its name was changed to “Voice of Shariat,” and its programs were altered. During the first rule of the Taliban over the country, only religious programs and Friday prayer sermons were broadcast through this radio. With the fall of the Taliban in 2001, Radio Afghanistan resumed its activities with news, entertainment, and cultural programs. This radio had daily broadcasts in seven languages, totaling 18 hours until the Taliban came into power.
History of Radio Day and Its Designation as a World Day Radio waves were discovered by a person named Heinrich Hertz, who had previously discovered electromagnetic waves. Radio waves can operate in frequencies ranging from 30 hertz to 300 gigahertz.