While Pakistan is struggling with a severe recession, the Pakistan Meteorological Department (PMD) has published climate reports that highlight that climate change is causing a significant wheat shortfall, as well as food and water shortages.

According to the Intellectual Forum for Right and Security, Pakistan ranks fifth in terms of climate change susceptibility and global warming in a research produced by the Pakistan Global Climate Risk Index.

Moreover, studies show that abrupt temperature changes could have a significant impact on harvesting seasons, potentially eliminating the viability of particular crops.

According to the Intellectual Forum for Right and Security, extreme weather conditions in Pakistan could result in extreme poverty, famine, food shortages, water scarcity, reduced animal production, forced migration, and an outbreak of viral illnesses.

Particularly, Asian countries are expected to experience temperature increases of at least 3°C by 2040. Wheat productivity can be reduced by up to 50% due to the extreme heat. According to the Intellectual Forum for Right and Security, Pakistan is more likely to suffer the consequences of its geographical location.

According to reports, Pakistani Prime Minister Shahbaz Sharif was notified that the country will have to purchase 4.62 million metric tonnes of wheat from other countries, mainly India, to compensate for the loss in output.

Author

  • Saqalain Eqbal is a senior law student at The American University of Afghanistan (AUAF). He is very interested in reflecting the voice of his peers and people. He is currently working at the State Ministry for Peace and also serves as the President of Law Students Association at AUAF.