The de facto administration of Afghanistan, despite expanding its relations with neighbouring countries, has struggled to gain regional and international legitimacy in over two years of its rule. China is one of the countries that has engaged with the Taliban administration, going as far as establishing ambassadorial exchanges between Kabul and Beijing.
However, according to the latest statements from the spokesperson of China’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Taliban government will not be recognized officially until necessary reforms are implemented within it.
China was the first country to go beyond trade relations with the current regime of Kabul and recently introduced a new ambassador for Afghanistan. The Taliban administration also, for the first time since taking power, accepted the credentials of an ambassador and hosted him at a presidential level in Kabul, making headlines.
Experts have described China’s actions as bold and suggest that the country is seeking to recognize the current administration of Afghanistan formally. However, Wang Wenbin, the spokesperson for China’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs, recently stated that the current structure of the Taliban-ruled Afghanistan is not acceptable. He emphasized that “Afghanistan should not be isolated from the international community”. He expressed hope that the Taliban would pay more attention to the expectations of the global community and establish a comprehensive and inclusive political system.
China’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs has urged Kabul to maintain stability and moderation in its domestic and foreign policies and to take “decisive” action against terrorism.
China is not the only country dissatisfied with the structure of the current administration of Afghanistan; other regional and international countries have also explicitly stated their expectations, including the establishment of an inclusive government, respect for human rights, especially the removal of restrictions against women, and the severing of ties with terrorist groups, along with a determined fight against terrorism.
However, the Taliban characterized these expectations of the international community as interference in Afghanistan’s internal affairs and has often claimed that its system is comprehensive and that human rights are being observed in accordance with their strict interpretation of Sharia law.
China’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs continues to call for Afghanistan’s integration into the international community, but according to reports from Faridun Sinirlioglu, the special coordinator of the organization, Afghanistan, under the control of the Taliban, will not be integrated into the international community without the observance of international treaties, respect for human rights, and complete legitimacy.