China’s robotic Chang’e-5 mission touched down on the moon with aim of collecting samples of rock and dust to bring back to earth.

The target is Mons Rumker, A high volcanic complex, near Oceanus Procellarum.

Lander will spend the next couple of days on the moon examining surroundings and will be collecting samples.

Chinese robot is equipped with a camera, spectrometer, radar, a scoop, and a drill, and will is capable of packaging 2kg of soil to send to an orbiting vehicle that can then transport it to the earth.

44 years ago Soviet Luna 24 mission picked around 200 grams of samples and was back to earth.

The international research community hopes to get the chance to analyze the samples sent to earth.

The 8.2 ton Chang’e-5 spacecraft left the earth on November 24 and touched down at the moon by the weekend, first the device split as one part is the orbiter and has the mission to carry the module back to the earth.

Previously 400 kg of rock and soil were retrieved by American Apollo and soviet’s Luna Program, these samples were aged about 3 billion-year-old but Rumker materials are predicted to be 1.2 or 1.3 billion years old.

And will further provide information on the geological history of the moon and other aspects.


  • Mohammad Haroon Alim holds a BBA degree from Kardan University. He works as a sub-editor for Khaama Press.