The US-Taliban peace deal signed by Zalmay Khalilzad the United States peace envoy and Mullah Brother, the Taliban official in Doha on Saturday.
The aim of the deal signed between the United States and the Taliban group is to end the 18-year-old U.S war in Afghanistan.
The United States will withdraw its military forces from Afghanistan in 14 months if the Taliban fulfills its commitments as per the agreement.
The U.S and Taliban negotiated nearly 18 months until they reached an agreement which is said to be crucial and historic for Afghanistan.
According to the US-Taliban agreement, the Afghanistan government must release 5,000 Taliban prisoners before the 10th of March, following which the intra-Afghan talks are to start, Sher Mohammad Abbas Stanikzai, a key Taliban member said.
Another series of talks must kick-off between the Afghan leaders and the Taliban within the next two weeks.
The ‘ceasefire’ which is a significant condition of reaching a peaceful condition will be discussed in the intra-Afghan talks.
Afghanistan experienced a one-week brief ‘ceasefire’ under the term ‘Reduction in Violence’ which started earlier last Saturday.
The RIV was welcomed by the Afghan citizens and many hoped if it could last longer as the nation is tired of violence and insecurity.
Reactions to the US-Taliban pact aiming to end the war in Afghanistan
The United Nations published a statement soon after the signing of the US-Taliban peace deal in Qatar, urging for the continuation of the ‘Reduction in Violence’ period and welcoming commitments to intra-Afghan negotiations.
“All stakeholders must now look to make genuine and concrete steps toward ending the war,” said Tadamichi Yamamoto, the Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Afghanistan and head of UNAMA.
Intra-Afghan negotiations are central to peace efforts, United Nations welcomes the commitment expressed by the parties to intra-Afghan negotiations; and urges them to move ahead expeditiously with their preparations to start the negotiations, including through forming a truly representative negotiation team, the statement published by the UNAMA said.
According to the UN statement, the United Nations remains ready to support an inclusive Afghan-led process that includes women, minorities, and youth; upholds the human rights of all citizens, and leads to sustainable peace in Afghanistan.
The United Nations stresses the importance of continuing to reduce violence, especially violence that harms civilians, and urges all parties, in the period ahead, to redouble efforts to reduce violence on the way to a permanent ceasefire and a lasting political settlement, the UN statement further added.
Afghanistan former president, Hamid Karzai also published a statement on Saturday evening, welcoming the peace deal between the United States and the Taliban.
I hope today’s agreement paves the way towards sustainable peace in Afghanistan and result in Afghan-owned intra-Afghan talks, Karzai said.
Taliban’s Leader Reaction
Malawi Hibatullah Akhundzada, the Taliban leader in a message have welcomed the US-Taliban deal calling it a ‘termination of occupation’ agreement with the United States.
Taliban leader’s message contains 10 points emphasizing on the commitments agreed in the deal, bilateral relations with the world and regional countries, human rights as per the Islamic laws and regulations, pardoning any past oppositions with the Taliban, education, solidarity, and unity.
He has also thanked Qatar for facilitating the peace negotiations.
I also thank Uzbekistan, China, Iran, Russia, Indonesia, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, UAE, and all others that helped in this process, Malawi Hibatullah Akhundzada said in his message.