The militants were previously fighting the government forces in Tashkan district of Bakhshan.
Provincial governor spokesman Ahmad Naweed Frotan said the militants surrendered to the security forces during the past two days.
Frotan further added that the militants handed over their weapons by surrendering to the security forces amid ongoing operations to clean Tashkan and Tagab districts.
The Taliban militants group has not commented regarding the report so far which comes amid rampant insurgency led by the group across the country.
Badakhshan is among the relatively volatile provinces in northeastern Afghanistan where anti-government armed militant groups are actively operating in a number of its districts and often carry out insurgency activities.
The Afghan security forces took control of Tagab district from Taliban militants following a military operation launched late last month, leaving at least 15 Taliban insurgents dead and 20 others wounded.